Start with the darkest layer of your stone. Like I said, I bought polystyrene, which is sheet insulation. The stone technique used here can now be used on thin slices of foam glued to simple bookboard buildings, and more stone walls and outbuildings can be added to the scene keeping a similar look to the commercial pieces. If you don't carve the surface, your wall will look flat, and you will need to build up layers of coating to shape your stones. We did power wash that nasty white trellis, but it didn’t get as clean as I had hoped, hence this post! In the sample above, the deep cracks look more natural. I’ll just attach the foam boards, after measuring and cutting them of course, and screw them using a screw and foam washer so the washer doesn’t go through the foam board. If you were using small blotches of paint, continue using that technique. Step 8 Paint over the letters using the dark grey paint. For the final scene, sections of the wall will be made using the same techniques and colors, but adapting the process by thinning the dark coat intended for the cracks between the stones. Use cutter, saw blade, screw driver to break away some parts at the edges and front of your styrofoam. Although foam can easily be made into stone for walls, model horse jumps or buildings, or left to free-fall down mountain terrains in railroad scenes; you may prefer more structured modeled stones from plaster, clay or paper clay. I also sprayed black in the deeper areas that I had distressed, and then highlighted the edges of those areas. At this stage, you can still go in a completely different color direction. The dense coating, however, filled the spaces between the stones, making the wall look too formally constructed, possibly mortared. When the main colors are dry, and the stone texture and color is right, use a highlighting color to give some interest to some areas of the stones, but not all. When modeling terrains for villages, gaming, railroads or dollhouses, there are a number of material options. Combine different materials with glue to create oddly shaped rocks. When gluing corners or other areas where the foam may be subject to stress (rock outcroppings, stone arches) use small sections of wooden dowels or kitchen skewers inserted in the ends of the boards to help strengthen the join. The carving and coating methods will work regardless of whether you want a single stone wall for a model horse jump, a few stone walls for a Christmas village, building fronts for a nativity scene, blasted stone buildings for gaming terrains or scree slopes for a model railroad display. Starting small and practicing the techniques used for artificial rock construction will help you to develop the confidence and skills you need to take on more challenging projects like poolside waterfalls, large landscaping rocks, faux stone garden statues or perhaps even a life sized grotto over top of your hot tub! For walls which are not held together by mortar, make strong separations between the cuts for the stones as shown in the photo on this page. Spattering will help balance color areas that appear too light or too dark. I wasn’t going for a brick look,  so I just drew weird shaped stones! 274. High-density insulation foams and other rigid foams can be carved with craft knives, pottery greenware tools, or polymer clay blades. The finish should be building up in layers on the front edges of the stones, adding some more texture and depth to the shapes you originally carved. In the last year we’ve removed all the stepping stones (they were NOT helpful at all when walking down to the dock) and of course all the “stuff”, to put it nicely, cluttered about. Oct 15, 2013 - How to Make Fake Rocks Using Expandable Spray Foam You can use a stiff brush or an old toothbrush and run a palette knife across the bristles away from the surface you want to spatter, to produce speckles of color on the stone. Jun 11, 2012 - Plays and productions often call for hard-to-find, large scale items. Article by eHow. cheesecloth latex gloves Gorilla Glue paintbrushes sponge Show All Materials. If you are making rough stone walls, use a knife to carve out rough stone shapes, based on the style of stone you want to represent, roughly following your layer lines to make sure your stones are not oversized for the scale of your wall. I hand carved rock shapes into 4″ thick styro panels and then layered dyed cement ..’slabbed’ it on. Sanded grout is also useful, but the size of sand used may not suit some scales. Disguise a regular interior wall to create the appearance of a dungeon or torture chamber for your Halloween decorating. Now it’s time to play around with your colors. Your basic color palette should have three main colors, a dark, a mid-tone, and a lighter tone. You can use a source image of a stone wall as a guide, or project an image directly onto the sheet for accuracy. Faux Stone Panels made from Polystyrene, aka, Styrofoam. Since the soudering tool was going to melt the foam not only in depth, but about 1/4″ to 1/2″ wide, that’s what I used for my “grout”. It's super easy. The lightest color should be only on the outermost surfaces of the stones, the areas which would be most exposed to light. This might be a raw umber to add iron staining, a very pale cream color to resemble sandstone or light quartz, or a green color to resemble lichens or moss growing on stone. Spraying it about two feet away makes it mist and gave it highlights, giving the illusion of depth. You can also see that I tapped and rolled the tool to distress it. I then drew out my pattern. While a number of people swear by using drywall compounds and spackle to coat foam terrains, there are better methods! The Foamcoat creates a very dense but flexible coating, which stands up well to knocks and movement. Draw the outline of the stones directly onto your Styrofoam sheet. In some scales, a spatter technique works well to add detail to faux stone. When it comes to fake substitutes for real stone, Styrofoam is a classic material choice used widely in stage and cinema productions. Perfect for Halloween decorations or haunted houses. I stained the crevices with the darkest dye, and the look was great ! Rosco Foamcoat used for coating stage props made from foam, which is similar to a thick, flexible gesso and is available from theater and photography suppliers. Hello, in this video i will show you how to make fake rocks using polystyrene foam. Make props from polystyrene foam products like styrofoam for easier portability and greater artistic license. I would even go so far as to say my technique is almost fool-proof.Foam selection is probably one of the only ways you… Article from ehow.com. I then got the supplies I thought I would need. Unsanded grout allows you to create the texture you want with a brush or artist's knife. This low free-standing stone wall for a nativity scene was made using dense foam insulation and various coatings. Department 56's Little Town of Bethlehem uses resin rocks which have squared, hewn edges in a basic color palette of gray-green, raw umber, and light ochre. When you are finished the entire wall should be covered in your darkest color, and no white areas should show through. Make sure you also roughen any straight edges of your wall if you want a rough or dry stone wall, instead of a linear dressed stone wall of blocks. There’s no doubt, once you squirt the water and use the heat gun, it strengthens the foam a lot. How to Make Faux-Stone Columns for Halloween or Any Occasion. The lines can be curved or straight but should be sized to make stones suitable to the scale you want for your project. Make a Fake Rock Cave/basking Spot for a Reptile Cage. How to Make Styrofoam Look Like Brick: Carving styrofoam to look like stone, brick, or cinder block is super easy. The pencil will just pull away the styrofoam beads for rough seams between the stones, if you want a neat line for dressed stone block walls, use a craft knife to mark the lines. Non-Sanded Tile Grout, which can be mixed with the addition of an acrylic binder or Weldbond glue (one part glue to one part water added to the dry mix) to make the grout more flexible, with a slower setting time. If you have models you need to adapt to fit with other pieces, try a sample section like the one shown here to work out the best way to use your available materials. Hi there…the work on your cottage looks great! If you mist your different stones, and use the heat gun, you’ll get this look: If you spray the water heavier, producing larger water drops and then almost “chase” them with your heat gun, you’ll get this look: If you don’t use water at all, you’ll still melt the foam, but it’ll be smooth, like this: Now, after you have your “stones” looking the way you want them to, it’s now time to paint the grout. It keeps your packages from getting damaged, but it's a nuisance to get rid of. When coloring your faux stones or walls, you should work with a simple palette of colors chosen to match your scene. Jan 5, 2017 - Enhance your indoor decor with a faux stone display or help your kids impress the teacher with realistic stone dioramas. Again, I ended the painting by spraying over my grout lines with white. Don't mix the color in completely, as the variation of the color mix in the paint gives some depth to the final effect. These include UHU POR glue, Styro Glue (3M) and some craft glues for styrofoam. Cut the block lines at a very slight angle so you will have more than a knife slit separating them. To work out the size you need for a wall, measure a figure or a doorway (for a village scene) and assume a doorway is 6 1/2 to 7 feet tall and a figure is 5 1/2 to 6 feet tall. Here’s my sad, pitiful story, as usual….. Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download. This summer I’ve had the FUN adventure of creating the stage for a camp our church does called Xtreme Adventure.Its like VBS on steroids and is for 4-6th grade children-SUPER fun & VERY high energy! Press the two sides together and gently pull apart until you see thin strings of glue forming. On some of my stones I used a wire brush, and on all of them, I used a spray bottle and my heat gun. Make sure you carve stones on all sides of your wall or building, most dry stone walls will have a capping layer one or two stones across on the top of the wall. If pieces are handled a lot, use dense insulation foams glued to thin wood backings, or use the air dry clay or paper clay method of creating a stone effect on Gatorfoam or wood. A Styrofoam cooler; Sand; Exterior paint in stone colours; A paint brush; Rubber gloves; Once I started shopping for Styrofoam containers I was able to find them everywhere, from grocery stores to my local hardware store. Use a plain cardboard box for a roughly square shaped rock. With the main wall lines scribed, use the pencil or the knife to draw semi-vertical lines between the layer lines to create the outlines of your stones. The artist's gesso isn't as strong a coating, but it adheres well to the foam, doesn't flake or crack, and allows very fine details to show through. A heavier coat of material will be applied to the top surfaces of the stones to make them have the same texture as the commercial (Department 56) resin models. Because of this, it is sometimes easier to make fake foam rocks for projects, such as science fair projects or reptile enclosures, especially if you will have to transport the rocks to multiple locations. The durability of the piece will depend on the coating you protect the foam with, as well as how much handling the piece must endure. Nov 21, 2017 - Enhance your indoor decor with a faux stone display or help your kids impress the teacher with realistic stone dioramas. This is one I've made for my Bearded Dragon, Viggo. The techniques are the same whether you are making miniature terrains, railroads, dollhouses, or terrariums for your lizard. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Allow the coating to dry. ( Log Out /  Another benefit to making fake foam rocks is that you can customize the rocks to fit your needs, which is more difficult with real rocks. That’s where I used a wet rag and dipped it in the yellow and then blotted it off. Spattering can be done with any of your three colors, once you have the lightest color in place. Create the Basic Rock Shape. Either side of it will work. Allow this second coat (if needed) to dry. No doubt, I had to add a bunch and actually not use some as the project progressed. To create the stone wall shown in these examples, a suitably sized piece of dense foam was cut to size for a stone wall. I even used some styrofoam as filler or extensions as well. Though this craft project is somewhat involved, it yields impressive results -- you'll be surprised what you can create with simple pink and white Styrofoam blocks. Article from ehow.com. I used a dark gray, but ran out, so on the last sheet, I used black and then brown. Cut the cardboard or styrofoam to the shape you want your rock to be. The … Lightweight, Inexpensive Scale Models of Stone Walls, Strength of Foam for Miniature Stone Walls, Coatings to Texture and Strengthen Faux Foam Walls, How to Carve Faux Stone Effects in Rigid Foam, Decide on the Style of Stones You Want for Your Wall, Using Coatings to Strengthen Walls Made From Foam, Make Stone Walls From Styrofoam Bead Board, Create the Individual Faux Stone Outlines, Creating the First Layers of a Faux Stone Effect on Styrofoam Walls, Check Photos of Actual Stone Walls for Reference, Add Flecks for Stone Texture With Spatter Techniques, Balance out The Final Miniature Faux Stone Effect, Changing Faux Stone Finishing Effects With Texture, Other Examples of Stone Models Made From Foam, How to Use E-Z Water to Make Water Features for Miniature Models, Make Miniature Model Palm Trees from Paper or Fabric and Wire, Miniature Water Features from Sheet Plastic, Free Printable Miniature Putz or Glitter Houses, How to Make Artificial Moss for Halloween Props, How to Make Paved Roads and Scenery for Your Model Trains, How to Use Acrylic Painting Texture Medium, How to Fix Mistakes and Make Changes in Watercolor, Making Corrugated Metal for Scale Buildings, How to Age or Weather New Wood With Simple Materials, Beginner's Guide to Painting a Metal Miniature. Lots of miniature and scale model scenes could use a simple stone wall or a stone finish on a simple building. Before you choose, consider how you will use the model: The strength of a terrain depends on the backing, the modeling material applied to the backing and the coating used to protect the modeling material. Glue it together with outdoor caulking and cover with mortar/joint compound, outdoor paint, and a final 2 coats of poly. When you have the sample the way you like it, it is easy to create a range of other pieces to match. ind_passiflora. I’ll start putting the larger pieces up tomorrow. Well, instead of having to describe it, I’ll just show you a picture which shows where these fake stone panels will go! Use a fairly heavy layer of foam coat, gesso or grout, mixed to your darkest color, and apply with a stiff brush (or a palette knife for grout) to the entire wall, on all sides, including the bottom of the wall to help seal and protect it. Mix some white acrylic paint into your previous color or mix up your second, mid-ground color, and dry brush or dab this color onto the top surfaces of the stones. I went with a smaller cooler for my first project but have since picked up a larger one for my next faux stone planter. Liquid nails contractors glue designed for high-density insulation foam application can be used to hold layers of high-density insulation foam together. If possible hold the dowels in the foam with glue and also run glue along the board across the width of the joint to hold the boards together. Set the wall aside to dry with its second coat of finish. I just freehanded it. Paint this coating into the wall cracks first, (see the samples for the styrofoam wall) then add white to some of this mix to make a mid-grey which goes on the faces of the stones, and add white, or beige to the mid-grey to make a highlight color which is dry brushed, or spattered on the stones to add some texture and break up the other colors. Do you want rough-carved blocks, exactly square blocks, rough-edged dry stone walls, walls made from river rounded cobbles? This really is a simple project. ( Log Out /  I like the look it gave me. … Don’t forget to pull off that clear sheet that covers it. Bear with me (grab a cup of coffee or a glass of wine and try not to conk out! Paint this coating into the wall cracks first, (see the samples for the styrofoam wall) then add white to some of this mix to make a mid-grey which goes on the faces of the stones, and add white, or beige to the mid-grey to make a highlight color which is dry brushed, or spattered on the stones to add some texture and break up the other colors. Spray paint the color I wanted my grout and stones to be, with additional colors that I could use to give it depth, a soudering iron, a heat gun (purchased at Home Depot for $10), a spray bottle and a sea sponge, although to be honest, I ended up not really using it. As the florist's foam allows the passage of air, it can be usually be glued with PVA glues. : Here I'll show you how to make a fake rock cave/basking spot for your reptile cage. The foam was trimmed from a thicker sheet of foam, so one side was left with the flat "factory" finish while the other side was roughly cut with a craft knife. If you want striated stones that resemble shale or sandstone, use a stiff brush to spread your compound in one direction across the top surface of your stones, leaving strong lines of colored compound behind. If you have been using a dry brush (a brush first loaded with paint that you press into a paper to remove the paint from the tips of the brush) to drag across the stones, add the lightest color to some stones using the same technique. You can spatter or dry brush the dark and mid-tone colors on top of the lighter color in some places to break up areas which are too flat. These instructions show you how to use various supports and model all kinds and colors of stone walls from dense insulation foams, florist's foam or styrofoam beadboard, and various protective and paintable coatings. : Here I'll show you how to make a fake rock cave/basking spot for your reptile cage. The wall the car struck, was made of metal studs and glorified styrofoam, with a 1/4" coating of textured concrete, to make it look like stone. Step 2: Shake the Can Shake the expandable foam can for 30 seconds or as recommended on the label, as this may vary by brand or product. (see step 4 and 5). Just as with other foams, when making faux stone walls from styrofoam beadboard sheets or recycled packaging materials, first cut and assemble the pieces for your project, according to the scale and design you need. Next, you might want to rough up your foam so it’ll look more realistic. To glue foam layers together to build up thicker layers (for mountains or Christmas village scenes) use low-temperature hot melt glue (applied with a glue gun), after testing to make sure the temperature of the glue does not melt your foam. You can simplify the process of making model faux stone walls by using artist and stagecraft modeling techniques rather than using products from the hardware store. If pieces need to be moved and stored for occasional use and don't receive a lot of wear (village displays) you can use the easiest obtainable foam, with an appropriate coating. For very rigid coatings, possibly suited to use outdoors, you can use unsanded grout, mixed with some acrylic extender to keep it more flexible and help it adhere to the foam base. Freestanding stone wall sections made of insulation foam are considerably strengthened by using a coating. On this wall, more dry brushing of various colors is needed to balance out the wall colors before the final highlight layer is added. Foam boards can be difficult to glue. You can spatter or dry brush the dark and mid-tone colors on … Afterward, I worked on them whole because I need a height of 5′ to 7′, depending on the slope of the yard. In the photo above, three degrees of gray Foamcoat have been added to the styrofoam wall section. Once you have painted all of the letters, set the tablets aside to dry. How to Make a Replica of the Ten Commandements on Fake Stone Tablets By Ryan Maxwell Things You'll Need. I started a stone wall like yours last summer, 2015. How to Make Fake Stone With Styrofoam | eHow. I started with a sheet of 3/4″ Polystyrene. The dense foam coat coating made stones with very similar surface texture to the ones in the commercial well it is intended to fit beside in the scene. A great technique for Halloween decorations, haunted houses, or stage props. They can be the same color (dark grey, mid-grey, light grey) or they can be a range of colors found in the stone in a particular area, dark grey or grey-green for the shadows, rust-brown or raw umber for the iron-stained stones, and pale grey, cream or ochre for the lighter or worn areas. Be certain you don’t push down too hard with the soudering iron so you don’t go all the way through the foam. The tool melts the Styrofoam, giving it the appearance of engraved stone. Here’s a picture of the first sheet I bought and cut in half to try out different techniques. When you have marked out the outline of your stones, use your knife to carve into individual stones if you need them to have rounded or split surfaces. Shape or paint Styrofoam to look like nearly anything--a tree, shrubbery, or even an animal. Don't worry if you get too much color in an area (see the section of wall on the right in the photo) You can always go back over the section with another coat of some darker paint to break up large areas where you applied to much paint. Though significantly softer and lighter than stone, and essentially not durable at all, Styrofoam closely resembles stone's textures when properly painted. To use this wall close to existing commercial models made of resin, raw umber, and ochre colors were dry brushed over the grays to make a closer color blend to the commercial stones on the well. When the glue (if used) has dried, mark outlines across the wall using a ruler and pencil, to set the approximate layers for the stones. Plus, spraying the grout lines produces an overspray so it highlighted the stones the way I wanted. Make sure you have decided on an appropriate coating and three colors of "stone" plus a highlight color for your stone wall. Use these measurements to decide how tall your wall should be, as well as a rough estimate of how many layers of stones there would be in a wall the height you want to build. Finally, carve some dents into the surface of individual stones, or cut small sections away with a craft knife to make them less flat on the surface. A hot wire foam cutter works well to shape styrofoam. Instead of painting marbling lines on the Styrofoam, you can create a highly realistic granite texture and appearance using a granite texturing paint. Foam board allows you to easily create this look without power tools or heavy lifting. This year’s theme was “Monsters” and so I teamed up with my good friend Carrie (who is SO creative!) Don't worry about excess preparation--this is a quick project that can be finished in an afternoon. The side of the wall on the right in the photo has been coated with an artist's gesso applied with a stiff brush to give a sandstone effect. To finish adding depth to your faux stone walls, dry brush a third layer of colored compound over your two previous layers. How to Make Concrete Stacked Stones: Stacked stones can get costly, I love the look of it, and I think it would make for an impressive feature wall or at an entrance. I bought it in Lowe’s for $12.99 for a 4′ x 8′ sheet. Lizard Landscapes shows steps in making all kinds of foam landscapes from a castle to a sandstone desert scene.
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